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Semi Precious Stones

As we mentioned already, there is an international standard, concerning precious and semi precious stones. Therefore, we have to classify such gems as the Diamond, the Emerald, the Ruby and the Sapphire as true precious stones. Any other gemstones have to be classified as semiprecious stones.

Any consumer also have to be informed that, despite this classification, there are some gemstones, that are pretty expensive notwithstanding the international standards, due to their rarity. Thus, for example, the natural Alexandrite or blue Garnet could cost pretty expensive, because of their rarity, hence they’re classified as precious stones of second grade.

The list of Semi-Precious Stones

Navigation by the Alphabet: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Agate Gemstone ThumbAgate Gemstone

Agate is probably oldest gemstone known to our ancestors. It is a semitransparent gemstone of volcanic origin. It is famous thanks to its banded structure, variety of colors and numerous of superstitions, attributed to it. Learn more about Agate Gemstone

Amber Gemstone ThumbAmber Gemstone

Amber is a semi-precious stone of vegetable origin, which was well known and well prized to the ancients. It is, in fact, a such usual substance as a resin, however, this fact has been unknown until 1860. Amber possesses such particularities as fluorescence and electrical magnetism, from whence its Greek name. This gemstone possessed a different significance over time, therefore, sometimes, it has been a cause of the conflicts and invasions. Learn more about Amber Gemstone

Amethyst Gemstone ThumbAmethyst Gemstone

The ancients couldn’t distinguish the Amethyst and the Sapphire, therefore they considered that both these stones possess similar color. But, yet in Middle Ages it has been esteemed next to Sapphire. The most valuable specimens are so-called Oriental Amethysts obtained from India and Sri Lanka. Learn more about Amethyst Gemstone

Aquamarine Gemstone ThumbAquamarine Gemstone

Aquamarine is a semi-precious variety of Beryl, which possesses aqua-blue color. Despite its classification, this gemstone was highly valued for the ancients. It has been discovered in Ethiopia and has appeared in the European market only in XVII century. Aquamarine is included to the modern list of Birthstones as a gemstone, which is appropriate for March.. Learn more about Aquamarine Gemstone

Beryl gemstone ThumbBeryl Gemstone

Beryl is a group of the minerals, combined under one term. This group includes the Emerald, the Aquamarine, common beryl and other gems. Beryl has been used by the Ancient Greeks 2000 years ago. Its particularity is dichroism. There are many magical virtues, attributed to Beryl, such as a possibility to predict the future. Learn more about Beryl Gemstone

Bloodstone Gemstone ThumbBloodstone Gemstone

Bloodstone is a semi-precious stone, known for its peculiar “blood drops,” spread on its surface, that’s why there is a belief about the appearance of this gem at the crucifixion of Christ. Its mines located principally in India, however, there are also the supplies from Australia, Brazil and Russia. Bloodstone is the alternative birthstone for March. Learn more about Bloodstone Gemstone

Cat's Eye Gemstone or CymophaneCat’s Eye Gemstone or Cymophane

This gemstone is a peculiar variety of Chrysoberyl possesses the unique brilliance similar to the eye of the cat. This gemstone was discovered in Sri Lanka but has came in vogue in Europe only in 1815. According to Oriental beliefs, it is attracting wealth. Learn more about Cat’s Eye

Chrysoprase Gemstone ThumbChrysoprase Gemstone

Chrysoprase is a semi-precious stone. It is a variety of chalcedony Quartz possessing leek-green color. Chrysoprase possesses a rich history and encircled by the numerous of legends. It has been discovered in Prussia (modern Germany) and was a favorite gemstone of the Prussian King. Chrysoprase is the Birthstone for May, according to the U.K. chart. Learn more about Chrysoprase Gemstone

Citrine Gemstone ThumbCitrine Gemstone

Citrine is a semi-precious stone of a lemon-yellow or deep orange-brown color, which is nothing else than the yellow variety of Quartz, where as it is usually called the “false Topaz.” It is distinguished from topaz, thanks to the difference in hardness. Citrine is an alternative Birthstone for November. Learn more about Citrine Gemstone

Euclase Gemstone ThumbEuclase Gemstone

Euclase is an extremely rare semi-precious stone, however, due to its qualities, it can be classified as precious or, at least collectable gemstone. Euclase was discovered in 1785 and has been purchased from an unknown traveller in Peru, however, this gem is probably of Russian origin, according to the reliable sources. It possesses frangibility and, therefore, could be easily damaged, in the process of cutting. Learn more about Euclase Gemstone

Fluorite Gemstone Crystal ThumbFluorite (Fluorspar) Gemstone

Fluorite (Fluorspar) or so-called “false Ruby” is a very soft, semi-precious stone. In spite of its softness, Fluorite possesses such qualities as splendid transparency and luster, that allow it to be suitable to be used in jewelry. Fluorite is a commonly spread stone, which is chiefly mined in Europe and the United States. Learn more about Fluorite (Fluorspar) Gemstone

Garnet Gemstone ThumbGarnet Gemstone

Garnet is a semi-precious stone, commonly known for its color, similar to pomegranate seeds, however it could be of many different colors. Moreover, there are 6 varieties of Garnet. This gemstone was discovered in Pegu and today is used in jewelry as the gemstone appropriate for January. Learn more about Garnet

Iolite Gemstone ThumbIolite Gemstone

Iolite (also known as Cordierite or Dichroite) is a rare semi-precious stone of a deep violet or smoky-blue color, which possesses unique optical properties, and, therefore, is used in science and medicine. Iolite is also used in jewelry, and sometimes, it is estimated as the genuine precious stone. The colorless variety of Iolite was called “Sapphire d’eau” or “White Sapphire.” Learn more about Iolite Gemstone

Jade Gemstone ThumbJade Gemstone

Jade is opaque to semi-translucent, semi-precious stone, known in its two major varieties called “Nephrite” and “Jadeite.” Jade was known in Asia and in the Middle East since the ancient times and was a subject of many superstitions and legends. Learn more about Jade Gemstone and its varieties

Jasper Gemstone ThumbJasper Gemstone

Jasper is a semi-precious stone, which was used by our ancestors as an ornamental stone, however, thanks to its hardness and fitness for polishing, this gem is used in modern jewelry. It represents a variety of colors and occurs in different locations. Its color is depending on the locations, where it has been obtained. Learn more about Jasper Gemstone

Kunzite Gemstone ThumbKunzite Gemstone

Kunzite is a most unusual gemstone amongst all, due to its phosphorescence feature. It was discovered in 1903 and named in honor of George F. Kunz. Some authors, including George F. Kunz himself, claimed that this gemstone is appropriate for September, therefore we could classify it as September Birthstone. Lear more about Kunzite Gemstone

Lapis Lazuli Gemstone ThumbLapis Lazuli Gemstone

Lapis Lazuli is a semi-precious stone of deep-blue color, representing a mixture of different kinds. It is an ornamental stone of the ancients and was found even in Pharaohs tombs. Lapis Lazuli is included in the Britain chart of Gemstones, as the Birthstone for September. Learn more about Lapis Lazuli Gemstone

Malachite Gemstone ThumbMalachite Gemstone

Malachite is a semi-precious stone of a deep green color, which has been well estimated by our ancestors and has been known since prehistoric time. It has been discovered in the mines in the Urals, Russia, however, the evidences of the ancient usage of this gemstone were found in the Middle East. It was used in the Middle Ages as a talisman to protect children. Learn more about Malachite Gemstone

Moldavite Gemstone ThumbMoldavite Gemstone

Moldavite — is a curious gemstone in all senses. First of all, this gemstone is of extraterrestrial origin, secondly, the scientists considered that it can’t occur on the Moon as well as on other planets. Moldavite has been discovered in the Czech Republic in XVIII century, and was firstly taken for Chrysolite, however, subsequently, it was termed “Molavite.” Its name means, in German, a name of the river Modau in Southern Bohemia. Moldavite Gemstone

Moonstone Gemstone ThumbMoonstone Gemstone

Moonstone is a semi-precious stone derived its name thanks to its similarity with the moon’s surface and its shine. It is an alternative Birthstone for June. It is considered that this gemstone has been able to improve memory and served as a mascot to gamblers. It also able to attract the opposite sex. Lear more about Moonstone Gemstone

Onyx Gemstone ThumbOnyx Gemstone

Onyx and Sardonyx are the semi-precious stones, where the Onyx is usually of black color and Sardonyx of brownish-red color. Both gemstones have been used as engraving stones in ancient times. Onyx chiefly supplied from India and Germany, where the Indian specimens are the most valuable. Sardonyx is an alternative Birthstone for August, whereas Onyx has been considered as the Birthstone appropriate to July, according to the ancient charts. Learn more about Onyx and Sardonyx Gemstones

Opal Gemstone ThumbOpal Gemstone

Opal possesses the unique structure, containing numerous of cavities inside it, therefore, its polished surface illustrates such peculiar brilliance. Opal was discovered in Hungary, in XV century. Turkish and Greek merchants brought this gem to Europe, where it rapidly came in vogue. Opal is an alternative Birthstone for October. Learn more about Opal Gemstone | Varieties of Opal: Oregon Opal

Peridot Gemstone ThumbPeridot Gemstone

Peridot is a semi-precious stone, which is an olive-green variety of Chrysolite. Its hardness less than 7, therefore the Peridot has been used by the ancients to create the intaglios. The origin of this mineral is unknown, however there are the evidences, that the Olivine (same mineral as Peridot) is of heavenly origin. Peridot is considered the Birthstone for August. Learn more about Peridot Gemstone

Phenacite Gemstone ThumbPhenacite Gemstone

Phenacite is a collectable semi-precious stone, similar to Euclase in its rarity. It was distinguished from Quartz just in 1833. Phenacite is chiefly mined in Russia and in the United States, Colorado. The crystals of Phenacite are hard, principally transparent and possess remarkable brilliance, almost similar to diamond, if the are polished. Phenacite is seldom used in jewelry, due to its rarity, though possesses all necessary qualities. Learn more about Phenacite Gemstone

Quartz Gemstone ThumbQuartz Gemstone

Quartz is a semi-precious stone, representing the most common group of minerals, where the pure Quartz is called “Rock Crystal.” This gemstone is known since ancient times and has been commonly in use by the many nations as an adornment or in the form of ornamental stone to decorate dwelling. Learn more about Quartz Gemstone | Varieties of Quartz: Smoky Quartz

Spinel Gemstone CrystalSpinel Gemstone

Spinel is a semi-precious stone of first grade. It can’t be distinguished from Ruby at the first blush, however, they are completely different minerals. The difference has been discovered just in 1783. There are various colored varieties of Spinel, though the most famous of them are those of red color. Learn more about Spinel Gemstone

Yellow Topaz Gemstone ThumbTopaz Gemstone

Topaz is a semi-precious stone, that usually of yellow color or colorless, however, there are many varieties of colored topazes. It was found by the Mauritanian King on the island called “Topazios,” as mentioned Pliny. Learn more about Topaz Gemstone

Tourmaline Gemstone ThumbTourmaline Gemstone

This unique gemstone has been found among the gems, supplied from India and Ceylon and became famous thanks to its unique physical properties. This semi-precious stone demonstrates a big spectrum of colors and, therefore, famous due to its varieties, including such distinguished as so-called “Schorl” and “Watermelon Tourmaline.” This gemstone is also appropriate for October, thus it is October Birthstone. Learn more about Tourmaline Gemstone | Varieties of Tourmaline: Rubellite

Turquoise Gemstone ThumbTurquoise Gemstone

Turquoise is opaque semi-precious stone of green or blue color. These gems of sky-blue tint are the most valuable. This gem was known even to the Pharaohs as the tomb excavations are indicated. Turquoise derived its name from Turkey country, inasmuch as it previously came to European markets from Turkey. Turquoise is the Birthstone for December, according to modern charts. Learn more about Turquoise Gemstone

Zircon Gemstone ThumbZircon Gemstone

Zircon is a semi-precious stone famous for its hardness (7,5/10), whereupon is frequently used to imitate many of the precious stones, even the Diamond. However, this gem is often used in jewelry per se, thanks to the abundance of its varieties. Zircon is, furthermore, the alternative birthstone for December. Learn more about Zircon Gemstone

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